- There are scores of prayers recorded in the Holy Scriptures (the psalms and many others). You can take them as model prayers. All are addressed to God. Not one is addressed to the saints in heaven.
- When Mary was here on earth, she also prayed to God. Peter, James, John, the other apostles, Mary and other disciples were gathered together to pray. They prayed to the Lord (See Acts 1:14, 24). You honour Mary if you copy her godly example.
- The Bible tells us how to experience the communion of the saints. We are told to pray for the saints (Ephesians 6:18); i.e. to pray for one another; the Bible does not tell us to address our prayers to the departed saints.
- God hears the prayer of his people because he is omniscient. He hears you from heaven. He knows your heart; the saints in heaven do not. ‘For you, you only, know the hearts of all the children of mankind’ (1 Kings 8:39).
- Come to God in prayer with confidence, for ‘the LORD is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger and rich in love’ (Psalm 145:8).
- If you trust in Christ for salvation, then you are God’s adoptive child, and you were given the Spirit of adoption, crying out, ‘Abba, Father.’ If we ask, Jesus promised, we will receive, and he tells us why. If human parents answer their children’s pleas, “how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask him!” (Matthew 7:7-11).
- Pray to God because he invites and promises his people: “You will call upon me and come and pray to me, and I will hear you.” (Jeremiah 29:13).
- Our infallible Teacher, the Lord Jesus Christ, taught his disciples to address their prayers to “our Father in heaven” (Matthew 6:9). You will not be misled if you obey his instructions.
8 February 2018
31 December 2017
The human authors of the Bible (Moses, Isaiah, Matthew, Paul and so on) were led by the Holy Spirit to write down his Word accurately and without mistake (see 2 Peter 1:21). Other books, helpful as they may be, are written by fallible people. The Bible alone is the perfect, infallible and inerrant, because its omniscient Author cannot be mistaken.
If we are seeking to know the way of salvation and how to please God in our lives, there is no better place to go other than the Bible. The Apostle Paul writes to his dear fellow-worker, Timothy:
‘From childhood you have known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work’ (2 Timothy 3:15-17).
We notice a twofold purpose of the Scriptures. Firstly the Bible tells us how to be saved. The Holy Scriptures 'are able to make you wise for salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.' Secondly, the Bible teaches and directs Christians along their spiritual journey. It is ‘profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.’ The person who is led by the Scriptures is described as 'complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.'
The Bible is a unique book; it reveals the mind of God, exposes our sinful condition, shows the way of salvation, the doom of the unrepentant and the hope of believers. Its precepts and promises are true, guiding and comforting the faithful. We ought to read it daily, reverently, attentively and prayerfully.
If we genuinely desire to be saved and to walk in holiness, let us endeavour to know, believe and obey the Bible; it is the voice of the Lord to us.
(Gospel e-Letter - January 2018)
1 December 2017
Through the centuries the Church has become ever more aware that Mary, 'full of grace' through God (Luke 1:28) was redeemed from the moment of her conception. That is what the dogma of the Immaculate Conception confesses, as Pope Pius IX proclaimed in 1854: The most Blessed Virgin Mary was, from the first moment of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege of almighty God and by virtue of the merits of Jesus Christ, Savior of the human race, preserved immune from all stain of original sin.
How was the idea of Mary's immaculate conception introduced in the catholic church? The doctrine was not a tradition in the early centuries of the church. Some Church Fathers taught that Mary led a sinless life, but they did not teach that she was conceived without original sin. On the contrary the Fathers opposed the heresy of Pelagius who insisted that Adam's sin was not imputed to the human race. For instance, Augustine writes: "He [Christ], therefore, alone having become man, but still continuing to be God, never had any sin, nor did he assume a flesh of sin, though born of a maternal flesh of sin" (De Peccatorum Meritis, Bk II, Ch 38). Christ alone never had any sin.
A feast of Mary's conception was celebrated in the Eastern church as early as the seventh century (and later in the West), but that does not imply a belief in "immaculate" conception. In fact, to this day the Orthodox Church does not accept the doctrine.
In the 13th-century, John Duns Scotus promoted the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception. The Franciscan monks continued to preach and defend the doctrine, but it was opposed in the 12th-century by St. Bernard of Clairvaux, by St. Thomas Aquinas in the 13th-century and subsequently by the Dominican friars.
In the 15th-century the Franciscan Pope Sixtus IV established a feast of the Immaculate Conception to be celebrated on December 8.
Finally in 1854 Pope Pius IX issued a solemn decree, Ineffabilis Deus, declaring the Immaculate Conception an essential dogma for all the church.
The Holy Scriptures
Catholic scholars acknowledge that this doctrine is not explicitly revealed in Scripture. The Catholic Encyclopaedia admits, "No direct or categorical and stringent proof of the dogma can be brought forward from Scripture."
The Catechism refers to Luke 1:28 for scriptural support. But "full of grace" could not possibly mean conceived without sin, for the very same word is used in Ephesians 1:6 referring to ALL believers. Certainly no-one would argue that all Christians are conceived without sin!
Contrary to the Roman Catholic teaching, the Scripture plainly teaches that all Adam's descendents share his sinful nature: "Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned" (Romans 5:12). Therefore all Adam's children need to be saved. Mary herself, a natural descendant of Adam, calls God "my savior" (Luke 1:47). Evidently she did not know the Roman Catholic doctrine of the Immaculate Conception!
Of Christ alone, the eternal Son who was supernaturally conceived by the Holy Spirit in the womb of the virgin woman, it is ever expressly stated that He was "without sin" (Hebrews 4:15). Christ alone is immaculate from conception; therefore He alone is qualified to die in the place of sinners. Christ, who knew no sin, "bore our sins in His own body on the tree" (1 Peter 2:24).
In Ineffabilis Deus, Pope Pius IX also appealed to Genesis 3:15 as "unmistakable evidence that she has crushed the poisonous head of the serpent." He also states that with and through Christ, Mary was "eternally at enmity with the evil serpent, and most completely triumphed over him, and thus crushed his head with her immaculate foot."
But the Bible does not say that Mary crushed the serpent's head. Speaking to the serpent, the Lord says: “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel” (Genesis 3:15). The woman's Seed, the Messiah, not the woman, bruised the serpent's head.
The paintings of the Immaculate crushing the serpent's head were inspired from a incorrect translation of Genesis 3:15 based on the Latin Vulgate: "I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed: she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel" (Douay-Rheims Bible). Modern Catholic Bibles, such as the New American Bible, correct the mistake: "I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; He will strike at your head, while you strike at his heel."
Yet Mary is still portrayed crushing Satan's head. Let us not be misled by false images and false doctrine. Nobody but Jesus fulfilled the great prophecy and overcame our deceptive enemy. "For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil" (1 John 3:8). Through His death, Jesus destroyed "him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, and release[ed] those who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage" (Hebrews 2:14,15). Let us therefore trust in Him alone to give us victory over Satan, sin and death.
The implications of the Catholic dogma are very serious. Pope Pius IX solemnly warned: "Hence, if anyone shall dare -- which God forbid! -- to think otherwise than as has been defined by us, let him know and understand that he is condemned by his own judgment; that he has suffered shipwreck in the faith; that he has separated from the unity of the Church; and that, furthermore, by his own action he incurs the penalties established by law if he should express in words or writing or by any other outward means the errors he thinks in his heart" (Ineffabilis Deus).
The Roman Catholic magisterium would have us believe a novel doctrine (that is neither taught in the Scriptures nor in the writings of the Church Fathers) as an essential article of the Christian faith. But we are convinced that the Scriptures are able to make us wise unto salvation through faith in Christ Jesus (2 Timothy 3:15). We don't need any extra-biblical doctrines for our salvation. In fact, it is the Roman Church that has suffered "shipwreck in the faith" by embracing a doctrine that is contrary to the Bible; and "separated from the unity of the Church" which for centuries knew nothing of the theological inventions of Rome.
(Gospel e-Letter - December 2017)
1 November 2017
Jesus tells a story about two Jewish men – a Pharisee and a tax-collector (Luke 18:9-14). Both believed in God; one was a religious and moral person; the other had a bad reputation.
Both went to the temple to pray. The Pharisee did not ask God for anything; he stood there bragging about his virtues. The other, painfully gripped by a sense of guilt and unworthiness, begged God for mercy.
Both returned home. The Pharisee remained unchanged, guilty before God and confirmed in his fatal delusion. The publican was now justified, forgiven, free and at peace with God. For, as the Teacher concludes, everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but the one who humbles himself will be exalted.
The Pharisee was blinded by pride to his own sinfulness. He considered himself a righteous person. He saw no need for mercy. He did not get any. On the other hand, the tax collector humbled himself before God. He asked God to spare him the punishment he deserved. He asked for mercy. And he was not disappointed.
Friend, which one of these two men are you? Do you consider yourself righteous or a sinner? For salvation are you trusting in yourself or in God? Did you every ask him sincerely, “God, be merciful to me, a sinner!”?
(Gospel e-Letter - November 2017)
1 October 2017
500 years ago Martin Luther, an Augustinian monk, nailed a document, known as ‘The 95 Theses’, to the church door at Wittenberg in Germany. It was an invitation to a discussion on the teaching and practice of the church on the subject of indulgences.
At that time another monk, Johann Tetzel, was in the area preaching about indulgences. The church, he taught, could grant a remission of the punishment for your sins, because it has the authority to apply to your benefit the treasury of the satisfactions of Christ and the saints. The people eagerly bought ‘letters of indulgences’ from the pope, confident that by them they would escape the torment of the fire of purgatory.
Luther was worried about this practice. The 95 Theses was a call to the church to come back to the teaching of the Scriptures. One thesis read thus: ‘The right and true treasure of the Church is the most Holy Gospel of the glory and grace of God.’
The church possesses something of unique value. But it is not material riches – the cathedrals and beautiful churches, the gold and works of art. (Tetzel was selling indulgences to finance the building of St Peter’s Basilica in Rome.)
The treasure of the church is the gospel of God! For by the word of the gospel the Holy Spirit gives life and the gift of faith, by which the sinner reaches out to Christ for salvation. By the gospel the lost is found, the guilty is forgiven, darkness becomes light, fear is replaced by joy, and despair gives way to the hope of eternal life.
The church ought to cherish the deposit of faith entrusted to her by God. She is duty bound to defend the gospel from corruption and to preach the message faithfully to all the world. The church lives by the gospel. If the church loses the gospel, she loses everything.
The same applies to every individual. What is the treasure that my heart yearns for? Do I know the true gospel taught in the Holy Scriptures? Have I learned about Christ, his death and resurrection? Have I turned from my sins in repentance? Do I believe on Christ alone for salvation? Am I following him in the way of righteousness?
We should answer these questions honestly before God. For he who ignores the gospel is poor and wretched even though he may possess the whole world. After death he will take nothing with him but a burden of sin to his eternal damnation. On the other hand, he is abundantly rich in grace who hears the good news of salvation and embraces Christ by faith.
Friend, what have you done with he gospel of Christ? Is the gospel your treasure?
(Gospel e-Letter - October 2017)